Not Quite True: The logic, philosophy and mathematics of vagueness

NQT

13 May 2016 2.:00 pm Aula Enzo Paci, Department of Philosophy, University of Milan

The purpose of this workshop is to provide a multidisciplinary perspective on the fascinating yet elusive notion of vagueness. Logical, philosophical and mathematical concepts and techniques will be brought to bear on the topic.

Attendance is free, all welcome!

Speakers

 

Titles, Abstracts and practical information

Hilbert’s interpretations of probability

Originally published in The Reasoner Volume 10, Number 5– May 2016

 

The concept of Probability is interesting, among other reasons, for the variety of ways in which we may be talking about distinct things and yet, in the end, still talking about probability. From the philosophy-of-mathematics point of view, this is vividly illustrated by the fact that, except possibly for one’s views on `finite vs. countable additivity’, one axiomatisation serves a great number of largely incompatible interpretations of the concept being axiomatised. Chapters 1-3 of J. Williamson (2010. In Defence of Objective Bayesianism. Oxford University Press.) offer a wide angle picture which I recommend to those who are unfamiliar with the landscape of probability interpretations.

hilbert-problems
Viewed at a relative coarse grain, the axiomatisation of probability developed by following a similar path to other mathematical concepts until at the turn of the twentieth century the key motivation became that of securing its applications against the threat of paradoxical consequences Needless to say David Hilbert played an important role in this. The explicit question appears as number “six” in the list of problems Hilbert posed to the audience of the Second International Congress of Mathematicians, in Paris on 8 August 1900:

Six. Mathematical Treatment of the Axioms of Physics. The investigations on the foundations of geometry suggest the problem: To treat in the same manner, by means of axioms, those physical sciences in which already today mathematics plays an important part; in the first rank are the theory of probabilities and mechanics. [] As to the axioms of the theory of probabilities, it seems to me desirable that their logical investigation should be accompanied by a rigorous and satisfactory development of the method of mean values in mathematical physics, and in particular in the kinetic theory of gases.

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Epistemologia 28-29aprile 2016

Dalla scelta alle preferenze, Indipendenza dalle alternative irrilevanti. Dalla preferenza alla scelta, ottimi indotti da un ordine.

Le persone interessate a farsi rapidamente un’idea sul teorema di Arrow possono consultare le prime due sezioni di Giaquinta, Hosni – 2015 – La matematica nelle scienze sociali Alcune considerazioni sulla teoria della scelta e del benessere sociale (e i riferimenti lì citati)
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Caso, probabilità e complessità

Angelo Vulpiani, professore di Fisica Teorica all’Università “La Sapienza” di Roma, terrà un seminario dal titolo Caso, probabilità e complessità il prossimo 6 maggio alle 10:30 presso l’aula M301 di via Santa Sofia. Tutte le persone interessate sono invitate a partecipare.

Angelo Vulpiani
Angelo Vulpiani

Abstract

La probabilità ha un ruolo fondamentale in molte scienze, ed anche nella vita di tutti i giorni.
Tuttavia questa disciplina è  spesso vista come  misteriosa, vaga e piena di paradossi
(che tali non sono). Discuterò  alcuni  aspetti importanti, primi tra tutti il concetto di indipendenza e probabilità condizionata, toccando  alcune  connessioni della probabilità con il  caos e  la complessità.